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Health Care Professionals

A wide variety of health professionals provide medical and supportive care to women, men and couples related to infertility, pregnancy, childbirth, and lactation. These professionals include general practitioners, educators, counselors, as well as physicians in highly specialized reproductive and medical fields.

Health Care Providers and Services
Family or Internal Medicine Physician
Usually the primary care providers who do general medical evaluations. While internal medicine physicians refer to obstetricians for pregnancy care, family physicians often manage uncomplicated pregnancies.
Gynecologist
Doctor specializing in female reproductive health care.
Obstetrician
Doctor specializing in care of women during pregnancy, labor and delivery.
Perinatologist, Maternal-Fetal Medicine (MFM) Specialist
Obstetrician with advanced training in high risk pregnancy care. MFM Specialists complement the care of general obstetricians by providing prenatal care for high-risk women.
Urologist
Doctor specializing in care of urogenital tract for both men and women. Often the first physician a man sees for sexual dysfunction.
Endocrinologist, Diabetologist
Doctor specializing in diseases of endocrine (hormone) system or diabetes. Often involved in care of women with gestational diabetes.
Reproductive Endocrinologist
Specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of hormone disorders in both men and women which can cause infertility.
Reproductive Surgeon
Performs surgical procedures related to reproductive system, including surgeries to restore fertility and for birth control.
Geneticist,
Genetic Counselor
Physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of genetic disorders. Counselor provides education/counseling to couples related to potential genetic disorders in their offspring, as directed by the physician.
Dietitian
Evaluates nutritional needs and designs nutritional care plans for high risk pregnancies. Provides patient and family education on nutritional needs of women during pregnancy and lactation.
Nurse Specialist, Nurse Practitioner, Certified Nurse Midwife
Registered Nurses (RN) with advanced education in the care of women during pregnancy and lactation. May be the primary prenatal and lactation educator. May assist obstetrician with routine medical exams of patients during pregnancy. Nurse midwives may attend women in uncomplicated labor and delivery.
Counselor, Social Worker
Evaluates and provides psychosocial support or education to women, men and couples related to pregnancy loss, infertility, unplanned pregnancy or health problems of newborn.
Lactation Consultant
Assists women with breastfeeding technique, especially those having difficulty getting started, who have high risk infants, or women who are breastfeeding multiple infants.

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